There are various types of gardens:
- the classic garden it is characterized by an extreme order in the arrangement of the plants, from hedges cut according to precise geometries, from lawns covered with lawns always cut to perfection.
- the rustic garden it is the typical country garden, which aims to create a natural and not at all artificial environment, where there is a balance between the various plant species, often native.
- rock garden it is set up with non-porous rocks and stones interspersed with plant species, on extremely drained soils, often sloping to prevent water stagnation, in very sunny environments.
- Zen or Japanese garden presents an arrangement conditioned by the arrangement of the three fundamental elements: water, stones and plants, which are an allegorical representation of man’s journey towards the eternal.
- The mediterraneanrden it is typical of the temperate and mild climates of the Mediterranean basin and includes mainly shrubby and evergreen species, well adaptable and resistant.
After choosing the type of garden to be set up, it is important to take into consideration some preliminary aspects that could affect the layout, namely:
- extension of the garden
- garden display
- types of land
- coexistence between species.
Plants of different varieties can be housed, in particular:
- trees (when the garden is large enough to allow it)
- shrubby plants
- climbing plants (if there is a need to cover walls, palisades or espaliers)
- evergreen plants (to ensure a vivid aspect of the garden even during the winter months). herbaceous plants
- flowering plants (to create areas for decorative purposes)
- the aquatic plant (if a body of water is available)
It is a flowery and ornamental tree, of medium-large dimensions (up to 25 meters).
It has a slender, erect, covered with a dark brown bark, which supports a very large cone-shaped crown.
The leaves are elliptical, of considerable size, with the upper page of intense green colour and the lower one of brown colour, with alternate insertion.
The flowers have a very wide corolla, with very distinct petals, of fleshy consistency, of ivory white colour, extremely perfumed.
The fruits are similar to dark pine cones rich in purple-red seeds.
The plant requires soil with acid or neutral component, well drained and fertile due to the addition of peat, humus and organic substance.
It lives well when exposed in full sun and needs six-month fertilization with nitrogen-rich fertilizers.
It is a variety recommended for classical gardens.
It is an evergreen and bushy plant, provided with very fragrant flowers, extremely suitable for forming colourful and aromatic tufts in every type of garden, also because it is a very adaptable species.
It has an elongated and thin herbaceous stem, up to 1 meter high, silvery green in colour, with narrow leaves, from the opposite insertion.
The flowers are small in size and gathered in inflorescences with purple spike, very fragrant.
Being a rustic species, it adapts to any climate and lives well in any type of soil, even if it prefers those of a calcareous component.
It is a recommended plant for both rustic and Mediterranean gardens.
It is an evergreen and ornamental plant, very resistant, originating from Japan.
It has rhizomatous roots from which the robust and flexible cylindrical stems, of intense green colour, originate.
The leaves are extremely thin, with a similar appearance to blades of grass, lanceolate.
It requires a deep, well-drained soil, enriched with sand, peat and pine bark.
The plant must be housed in illuminated areas, even if not in direct sunlight, as it prefers warm climates and fears cold drafts.
The watering should be alternated with frequent nebulizations to the foliage.
It is advisable to fertilize at least once a month with fertilizers that are poor in nitrogen.
It is a vegetable recommended for the preparation of Zen gardens.
It is an evergreen shrubby plant, up to 10 meters high.
Presents semi-woody stems with a twisted and branched appearance.
The leaves are needle-like, linear, dark green.
The male flowers are small, with yellow oval petals; female ones have a greenish colour and are combined in the inflorescence.
The fruit is an edible berry for humans, brownish in colour, spherical and very aromatic, called: Regalbuto.
The plant lives well on any type of soil, even if it is uncultivated or brackish, and tolerates altitude, up to 2000 meters.
It prefers a temperate and humid climate, with a temperature that should never be below zero.
It requires a moist but well-drained soil, enriched with peat and sand, to avoid water stagnation; fertilization should be done at least every 6 months, using granular slow-release fertilizers, rich in nitrogen and potassium.
It is a plant that adapts to the creation of both rock gardens and rustic gardens.