This also and above all, in consideration of the fact that the success of a project is always conditioned by the environment in which it develops and based on the location chosen, they could have created splendid gardens that were well suited to the characteristics of the place, suitable to surround. the most beautiful villas that we can still admire today.
The first thing to consider is, therefore, the location of the garden itself and consequently the characteristics of the soil as regards its composition, as well as the climatic trend in that area. All this will, in fact, have a decisive influence on the choice of plants to be planted and on their positioning in space. The investment in economic terms will have to be adequate since a beautiful house with a bare and neglected garden certainly has nothing to gain.
The design phase is fundamental and the desires and habits of the people who will use them must be taken into consideration without neglecting the need to tune the garden to the house itself. It will, therefore, be necessary to follow the terrain, trying to modify it as little as possible and opting for plants and shrubs that are suitable for its composition and exposure. Obviously the size of the land will not only condition the choices made but in any case, the project will have to try to exploit all the positive factors present. The choices will be very different if the garden to be placed is in the city rather than in the hills or at the sea, as the characteristics, the possible problems to be faced and probably also the size of the land will be different. In the city very often you will find yourself in front of a small land, perhaps bounded by walls, which will always be better to cover for example with climbing plants. In the hills, on the other hand, you will probably find a rough terrain, usually surrounded by natural or rural elements.
Even the shape you want to give your garden should be studied carefully. If you look for geometry only do it at the level of the general lines and not in every single bed, you would get only a rather boring overview. In reality today the asymmetrical gardens that appear more natural are more appreciated. In any case, however, in addition to aesthetics you will have to take into account the intended use of the garden itself, whether it will only be an aesthetic complement or whether it will be actively lived, perhaps by children or pets, in this case, a look at practicality certainly not lacking.
The first thing to consider will be the availability of water resources, in fact, to guarantee the good health of the plants and the lawn it is necessary that the water is always present in the quantity appropriate to the needs. If you know immediately that in some periods of the year there may be some availability problems, you will have to avoid placing very demanding plants in the garden from this point of view, opting instead for more rustic varieties, able to live well even in conditions of scarcity. ‘water. You can possibly consider getting a cistern to collect rainwater that can help you in case of need. You will then need to prepare the soil adequately, ensuring that the soil is contained, especially if it is sloping, and the right degree of drainage. Moreover, possibly in autumn, the soil will be dug deep and enriched with natural fertilizers (manure) trying to eliminate as much as possible the stones inside it. Once all the earth is turned over, it will be left to rest until the end of the winter, arranging the sowing and the purchase of the various plants. You will have to eliminate the weeds grown in the meantime and finally move on to the actual preparation stage.
The choice of plants
The factor that most affects the choice of plants for the gardens will, in any case, be determined by the climate, therefore it will be necessary to consider the duration of the winter and the minimum temperatures reached in that area and likewise consider the hottest period of summer, the degree of rainfall and eventual wind violence. So obviously in very rainy places, all plants that require a rather dry environment and vice versa will be avoided.
Also, the quality of the soil will be decisive in the choice. The neutral ground will pose few doubts about the choice because a large number of plants and shrubs will adapt without problems. When, on the other hand, it will be markedly calcareous or acidic, only species that have those particular preferences can be used. Alternatively, you can try to correct it, even only around the plants that may need it. For example, in calcareous soil trees and shrubs such as maple, medlar, deutzia, forsythia, roses, pine, poplar, lavender and broom will be more suitable. Once you have determined which plants are best suited to the climate and the terrain, you will have to privilege those that are able to accept the greatest number of combinations.
In the flowerbeds or in the borders, you can really indulge yourself, forming floral compositions also combining dozens of different species in shape and colour, but it is always convenient if one of them is the dominant one. In this way, however, there is the risk of creating confusion, so if you want your flowerbed to look sober and elegant, never choose more than three or four colors and have the foresight to place the tallest flowers in a backward position while those with growth habit creeping or at least lower will be placed in front.
Support elements: the Pergola
In your beautiful garden, they will also be able to find space for elements that, in addition to livening up the environment by rising vertically, can be a useful cool shelter during the hottest months: the pergolas. The wooden ones are certainly more beautiful and decorative, but they also require some maintenance. Iron is instead a more practical material, which guarantees a longer life and, unlike wood, does not favour the nesting of insects. For coverage, opt for one or at most two varieties. You can choose wisteria, a highly ornamental and very resistant plant or if you are in the southern regions where the climate is decidedly milder, the fabulous Bouganvillea. Other climbing plants like roses,
If you have taken care of all the aspects of creating your green space, your garden will surely be a source of pride and will welcome you with its colours and its perfumes whenever you wish.