The autonomous realization of green space, based on the available surface, can be more or less complex. It is clear that a green corner on the terrace and on the balcony requires less time and effort than one to achieve on a large piece of land. In all cases, it will always be necessary to know all the techniques and methods to implement the various elements of the garden. The first step will be the design or the identification of the surface that will host the green space. Later you can determine the number and type of the various elements to be made (plants and furnishings), on the ground, instead, you will have to proceed with the creation of the lawn, the sowing and the transplantation of herbaceous or shrubby species. First of all, the land must be cleared, dug, weeded and fertilized. Then we will proceed with sowing and finally, after the growth of the grass and the seedlings, the first cut will be performed. In well-defined points of the outer space, we will place potted or full-field plants. The species will have to be chosen based on the position, the climate of the garden and the decorative effects to be obtained. To create shaded areas you can choose climbing species, while large shrubs can be a pleasant shaded area in furnished corners.
A DIY garden on a large plot of land also allows giving vent to their creativity and imagination, perhaps creating paths enriched by hedges and borders, or pebbles and streams. The decorative function of the garden is completed by inserting furniture and furnishing accessories, such as tables, chairs, benches, armchairs. For the entertainment of the little ones, you can also place garden games or wooden houses that can be easily assembled and dismantled. The areas not covered by the lawn can also be paved. On the market, there are tiles to be laid using super-adhesive glues and without the need to resort to concrete casting. As you can see, creating a DIY garden is not impossible. Naturally, you will have to bear the expenses related to the purchase of the various elements of the external space, but doing by yourself you will avoid the cost of labour and you will experience a truly unique and living experience of self-management. you and placing your garden in your own hands there are lots of little jobs that can be done independently to save and make do.
One of the jobs that are most frequently performed by DIY enthusiasts is the irrigation system that is often built in total autonomy by those who can easily extricate themselves from systems, hydraulic systems, excavations and control units. The most important step for those who decide to build the irrigation system with DIY is undoubtedly the design because it is the phase in which the different types of sprinklers, the degrees of irrigation must be chosen and the different needs in water quantity of the various areas of the garden must be established. Sprinklers can be static or dynamic and must be chosen according to need: dynamic sprinklers can cover a wider area of the garden, while static sprinklers serve to irrigate small corners or limited garden areas such as flowerbeds or borders.
Another type of irrigation, perhaps even easier to design and implement, is definitely drip irrigation. To achieve this type of irrigation, dripping wings must be laid, ie pipes with holes from which irrigation water comes out. The holes must be created in correspondence with areas to be irrigated or in correspondence with the plants and this type of irrigation is used a lot for the hedges and for the flowerbeds, where the waterings are limited to certain small areas. In addition to the sprinklers, the other essential elements for those who want to build a do-it-yourself system are the fittings, the pipes, the elbows and obviously the control unit, the solenoid valves and the wells. The control unit is an indispensable part of the irrigation systems and serves to regulate the watering times by opening and closing the solenoid valves which open to allow water to enter the pipes and then water them. The wells are instead the classic plastic wells that must be placed on the ground and inside which the solenoid valves are positioned. the other essential elements for those who want to build a do-it-yourself system are the fittings, the pipes, the elbows and obviously the control unit, the solenoid valves and the wells.
Once we have purchased all the necessary material (and we do not forget the Teflon tape, necessary to cancel the leaks in correspondence with the taps), we can proceed with the first phases of the plant construction. Then we start with the excavation, using a spade or a dig and digging for 20-25 cm of depth along the most comfortable route to reach the points where we want to put the sprinklers. The excavation must be deep but not too wide, 5-10 centimetres or less is enough, just to have the space necessary for the positioning of the irrigation pipes. Where we will place the sprinklers the excavation will have to be deeper and we will have to have the space to work and to get our hands on so we will dedicate a little more care to these areas. After doing the excavation we proceed with the positioning of the pipes and then with their cutting in correspondence with the areas where we will put the sprinklers. We cut the tubes and position the sprinklers reminding us to screw the joints and the sprinklers by putting Teflon on the threads. After arranging the pipes and sprinklers we move on to the control unit, to the solenoid valves and to the cockpit. We dig the hole for the cockpit in the place where we’re going to put the solenoid valves. Usually, you choose a comfortable point near the control unit because the current must also be brought to the cockpit as it is necessary for the activation and operation of the solenoid valves. We cut the tubes and position the sprinklers reminding us to screw the joints and the sprinklers by putting Teflon on the threads. After arranging the pipes and sprinklers we move on to the control unit, to the solenoid valves and to the cockpit. We dig the hole for the cockpit in the place where we’re going to put the solenoid valves.