How to create a beautiful garden

It is always essential to consider some preliminary aspects, namely:

  • size of the garden
  • garden display
  • weather conditions
  • types of land
  • type of lighting
  • coexistence between plants.

There are various types of garden, ranging from:

  • the classic one (characterized by lawns with ordered grassy coverings, with hedges cut according to geometric designs and with well-defined ornamental areas)
  • the rocky one (with stones and rocks included in the landscape scheme, with varieties of plants belonging to rocky species or well adaptable to the environment),
  • the rustic one (or country, of very natural appearance and not at all artificial, which uses typical species of the country flora, often native),
  • the Zen or Japanese (inspired by oriental culture and traditions, and including its typical 3 elements: plants, water and rocks, which are the allegorical representation of man’s journey towards eternity).

Whatever the choice, you can choose different types of plants:

  • trees
  • shrubby plants
  • evergreen plants
  • climbing plants
  • flowering plants
  • aquatic plants

MIMOSA

It is a shrubby, evergreen plant, with beautiful fragrant flowers, very decorative.

It has a woody stem about 10 20 meters high, which supports several branches with bipinnate leaves, dark green, extremely delicate.

The flowers are head-like inflorescences, soft and feathery, golden yellow in colour, extremely fragrant.

The flowering is early, but of short duration: from January to March.

The fruit is a dark legume between 5 and 10 cm long.

It requires a sunny area of ​​the garden and a mild climate as it lives badly when the temperature drops below 15 degrees.

It prefers deep, well-drained soils enriched with peat and humus, possibly with an acid component.

It must be watered regularly only in the early stages of development, then rainwater is enough to irrigate it.

We need to fertilize twice a year using specific fertilizers for flowering plants.

Borage

It is a climbing plant, annual, with very ornamental flowers.

It has an erect stem, 50 to 70 cm long, robust and covered with a thick hair.

The leaves are oval in shape with a pointed apex, dark green and covered with a layer of sparse hair.

The hermaphrodite flowers gather in cluster inflorescences, of blue colour tending to violet.

The fruits are seeds of rich achenes.

Its flowering is very decorative and abundant.

It is also cultivated for medicinal purposes as it provides active ingredients used for the preparation of infusions and decoctions, with multiple properties.

It requires a soft and well-drained soil, fertile due to the addition of organic material.

It must be housed in bright and sunny areas, but, being a rustic variety, it fits well anywhere and in any condition.

PETUNIA

It is a herbaceous plant with a hanging, flowering, ornamental habit.

It has a thin, sticky, hanging, light green colour.

The leaves are oval, viscous in appearance, covered with a thick hair.

The flowers have a lower tubuliform portion and an upper portion with 5 lobes welded together, which form a corolla similar to a funnel.

They are very showy, with colours varying between white, pink, red and purple; its flowering is prolonged: it starts in spring to last almost all summer.

It requires a soft, well-drained soil, enriched with organic material, sand and shredded bark; preferably with a non-calcareous component.

It must be exposed in sunny areas, not windy and in a warm climate.

Fears both cold and intense heat.

Water must be watered every 2 days, without soaking the soil and fertilizing at least every 15 days using liquid fertilizers.

How to create a beautiful garden: FLOWER OF PASSION

It is a climbing plant, evergreen, flowery, very suitable for covering walls or backs in the garden, very decorative.

It has a woody, erect stem, which can rise up to 7 meters.

The leaves are simple or lobed (depending on the variety), of intense green .

The flowers have a corolla provided with everted petals that allow the obvious reproductive organs to be seen; they have a bluish violet colour, and are extremely decorative, also due to their exotic appearance.

The fruits are oval and elongated berries, very colourful, containing numerous seeds.

It requires a soft and well-drained soil, enriched with peat and sand, never clay.

It must be exposed in areas of the garden that are very bright and sunny as it prefers temperate and mild climates; manages to adapt to the shade but not too cold and drafts.

We need to water it abundantly, at least twice a week, because the plant needs constant humidity, even if it fears water stagnation, which is very harmful to its roots.

It is advisable to fertilize every 15 days with potassium-rich and nitrogen-poor fertilizers.

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